International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82--86

Compartment syndrome secondary to Baker's cyst rupture: A case report and up-to-date review


Serkan Erkus1, Mehmet Soyarslan2, Ozkan Kose3, Onder Kalenderer1 
1 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Suruc State Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey
3 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Serkan Erkus
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir
Turkey

Baker's cyst is a distention or enlargement of the gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa toward the popliteal fossa which is usually associated with intra-articular pathologies. Rupture or dissection of the Baker's cyst results in extravasation of the cyst content into the calf within intermuscular space under the fascia. This clinical entity, also called pseudothrombophlebitis, is a self-limited condition that usually resolves with supportive treatment. However, in patients using anticoagulants, excessive hemorrhage may cause compartment syndrome in case of cyst rupture. Early diagnosis of compartment syndrome is the most important step in preventing permanent disability. Therefore, compartment syndrome should be kept in mind and ruled out in a patient with pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome under anticoagulation therapy.


How to cite this article:
Erkus S, Soyarslan M, Kose O, Kalenderer O. Compartment syndrome secondary to Baker's cyst rupture: A case report and up-to-date review.Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2019;9:82-86


How to cite this URL:
Erkus S, Soyarslan M, Kose O, Kalenderer O. Compartment syndrome secondary to Baker's cyst rupture: A case report and up-to-date review. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2022 Dec 7 ];9:82-86
Available from: https://www.ijciis.org/article.asp?issn=2229-5151;year=2019;volume=9;issue=2;spage=82;epage=86;aulast=Erkus;type=0