International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 180--185

Epidemiology of non-fatal injuries among adolescents in an urban Niger delta community of Nigeria


Samuel O Azubuike, Elizabeth O Onyemaka 
 Department of Public / Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Novena University, Ogume, PMB 2 Kwale, Delta State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Samuel O Azubuike
Department of Public/ Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Novena University, Ogume
Nigeria

Background: Injuries affect the lives of 10 - 30 million children and adolescents each year and have been acknowledged as the leading cause of mortality among young people in the age range of 15 - 19 years. Injury, as a research problem has been largely ignored in developing countries like Nigeria. Aims: This study was aimed at determining injury prevalence, external causes / mechanism of injury, various factors affecting injury occurrence, injury severity, type of treatment received, as well as the most common days and times of injury. Settings and Design: The study was conducted in the Agbor Metropolis of the oil-rich Niger delta region of Nigeria and adopted a cross-sectional study design. Materials and Methods: Semi-structured questionnaires were distributed to 386 subjects selected using a stratified and simple random technique. Analysis: Analysis was done using Social Science Statistical Package, with the level of significance taken at 0.05 Results: Injury prevalence was 284 (73.6%) with a mean frequency of 1.8 per child. About (221) 57.3% of the injuries sustained resulted in 1+ day«SQ»s activity loss, with about 136 (35.2%) requiring medical attention. The top injury sites were street / road, 49 (12.69%) and school environment and sporting arena, 47 (12.18%), respectively, followed by home vicinity, 43 (11.14%). The key causes of injury were collision, 53 (13.73%), falling, 41 (10.62%), and cut / stabbing, 41 (7.51%). Most treatments were at the hospital, 136 (47.72%). Most injuries occurred in the afternoons, 108 (28%) and evenings, 89 (23.1%). Injury experience was associated with Respondents / Parents level of education, family type, alcohol consumption, and age (P < 0.05 for all). Conclusion: Injury experience was relatively high and varied with site, activity, age, family type, alcohol consumption, and parental educational status.


How to cite this article:
Azubuike SO, Onyemaka EO. Epidemiology of non-fatal injuries among adolescents in an urban Niger delta community of Nigeria.Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2012;2:180-185


How to cite this URL:
Azubuike SO, Onyemaka EO. Epidemiology of non-fatal injuries among adolescents in an urban Niger delta community of Nigeria. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2023 Feb 9 ];2:180-185
Available from: https://www.ijciis.org/article.asp?issn=2229-5151;year=2012;volume=2;issue=3;spage=180;epage=185;aulast=Azubuike;type=0