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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 165-173

The risk factors of the functional status, quality of life, and family psychological status in children with postintensive care syndrome: A cohort study

1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency and Intensive Care, Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
2 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saptadi Yuliarto
JA Suprapto Street Number 2, Malang, East Java 65111
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijciis.ijciis_7_22

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Background: Intensive care treatment has a side effect of several impairments after hospital discharge, known as postintensive care syndrome (PICS). PICS in children must be well evaluated because PICS can affect their global development and quality of life. Our specific aims are to determine the impact of intensive care treatment and the risk factors which contribute to PICS. Methods: In this observational cohort study, we identified critically ill children treated in intensive care units (ICUs) for more than 24 h and survived. We evaluated the internal and external risk factors of the patients in the intensive care. We interviewed their parents to define the functional status and quality of life of the patients in 7 days before ICU admission and the psychological status of the family at the time of intensive care admission. The interview was repeated in 3 months after the intensive care discharge. Results: There was a significant decrease in functional status and quality of life after intensive care treatment (P < 0.001). However, none of the internal risk factors were significantly associated with PICS. Neurologic involvement in the disease was associated with the significantly reduced functional status of patients, while the severity of the disease was significantly associated with both functional status and quality of life. Our study also showed a significant psychological disorder of the family in the intensive care. Conclusion: The occurrence of PICS in children was associated with the severity of the disease, decreased the functional status and quality of life, and contributed to psychological disorders for the family.

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