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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-17

Are we selecting appropriate admissions for intensive care following major abdominal surgery: A retrospective cohort study on outcomes of 1059 patients

Department of General Surgery, Royal United Hospitals, Bath NHS Foundation Trust, Combe Park, Bath, BA1 3NG, England

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Jeremy P Batt
Royal United Hospitals, Bath NHS Foundation Trust, Combe Park, Bath, BA1 3NG
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_9_20

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Background: Like any other medical treatment, The intensive care unit (ICU) is a limited resource that needs to be utilized appropriately. This study aimed to identify the outcomes of patients admitted to the ICU based on patient demographic and severity score parameters. Methods: An observational retrospective cohort study of 1059 patients undergoing laparotomy who were admitted to the ICU was performed. Cases were sub-classified by the mode of admission and risk prediction scores and analyzed outcomes of mortality, ICU length of stay (LOS), and hospital LOS. Results: The mean age of patients who did not survive was older than those who survived, and higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre Physiology Score (ICNARC) observed in patients who died. Emergency admission was also an indicator of increased mortality. Survivors APACHE II scores were the same if they were elective or emergency admissions, although Survivors ICNARC scores were higher in emergency than in elective admissions. Patients who did not survive had a longer ICU LOS stay than those who survived, whereas elective survivors had shorter ICU LOS than the emergency survivors. Regardless of this hospital LOS was the same for both elective and emergency survivors. Conclusion: The most unwell patients had the highest risk prediction scores, were more often admitted in the emergency setting, required longer stays in ICU, and had less favorable outcomes. However, ICU did appear to expedite the hospital discharges of emergency patients to match their elective counterparts. Decisions around when and to which patients ICU is an appropriate intervention remains a difficult decision and one that cannot be made without full consideration of all aspects of patient factors.

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