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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 210-213

Pneumoscrotum: Value as an early diagnostic sign of tension pneumothorax in blunt thoracic trauma

Department of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine/Hahnemann University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Marcin A Jankowski
230 N. Broad Street, MS993, 9th Floor, Room 909, Philadelphia, PA 19102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_52_18

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Pneumoscrotum is a rare complication that can result from various etiologies and can be essential in the diagnosis of those causative factors, especially life-threatening ones such as infection or trauma. We present here a case of a patient who presented in posttraumatic cardiac arrest and an extensive, grossly obvious, and rapidly expanding pneumoscrotum. Based on our patient's clinical presentation and a history of a high-speed mechanism with obvious torso trauma, a diagnosis of tension pneumothorax was quickly made resulting in immediate treatment. We review the existing literature and highlight the importance of pneumoscrotum in aiding with differential diagnosis. The presence of pneumoscrotum is often benign; however, in the right clinical setting, it can be an extremely important and useful clinical tool for the early identification and timely treatment of life-threatening diagnoses, such as tension pneumothorax.

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