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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 269-273

Trauma during pregnancy in a Nigerian setting: Patterns of presentation and pregnancy outcome

1 Department of Surgery, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Nigeria
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Njoku I Omoke
Department of Surgery, Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki - 480 001
Onyebuchi K Azubike
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.124155

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Context: Trauma is an important health concern during pregnancy in developing nations though it is under-reported. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the patterns of presentation and feto- maternal outcomes of trauma during pregnancy in a Nigerian setting. Settings and Design: A hospital-based retrospective analysis of database of entire patient population who presented in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, with trauma during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: The data on demographics, obstetrics, and injury characteristic in addition to the outcome of all injured pregnant women hospitalized from January 2002 to December 2010 were analyzed. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 16 and quantitative skills software SISA were used in data analysis. Results: Trauma-necessitated hospitalization in 12 per 1000 pregnant women admitted in antenatal ward and was a complication of pregnancy in 4.7 per 1000 live birth in the hospital. Physical assault was the predominant causative factor and accounted for 46% of injuries whereas road traffic accident (motorcycle injury related in over 80%) was involved in 30.2% of the patients. The parity of the patients was significantly related to the trimester of pregnancy at the time of injury - 73% of grand-multiparae and about 60% of primigravida involved presented with injury in the 3 rd and 2 nd trimester, respectively (P < 0.017). Preterm delivery (7.9%), abruptio placentae (4.8%), and stillbirth (4.8%) were common obstetric complications observed. Maternal mortality of 1.6% and fetal loss of 7.9% were associated with trauma. Conclusions: Injury prevention measures during pregnancy deserve a place in any policy response aimed at reducing feto-maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries.

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