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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-65

Current trends and update on injury prevention

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Monica S Vavilala
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359724, Seattle, WA 98104
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Source of Support: The International Task Force on Prevention of Open Water Drowning available at http://www.seattlechildrens.org/ classes-community/community-programs/drowning-prevention/openwater- guidelines/, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.79283

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Injuries are a major and growing public health problem, a leading cause of death and disabilities among people aged 1-44 years around the world. Each year, 5.8 million people die from injuries, accounting for 10% of the world's deaths. Road traffic injuries (RTIs), self-inflicted injuries and violence are the top three leading causes of all injury deaths, while RTIs, falls and drowning are the top three leading causes of unintentional injury death. In many high-income countries, trends of injury death have been decreasing as a result of prevention measures. In contrast, trends in low- and middle-income countries have been rising. In this article, we review the prevention strategies for RTIs, violence, falls and drowning developed over decades to disseminate the knowledge and inform health care providers, especially acute care physicians, about the importance of injury prevention.

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